Virtue: GAUDIUM: Joy

a) Birth of Isaac (Genesis 21:1-3)

Circumscription: Heredem serum lactat Sara plena dierum
"Sarah, rich in years, is nursing the lateborn son".

b) Birth of the Lord (Luke 2:7)

Circumscription: Nascitur absque patre deus infans virgine matre
"A virgin mother gives birth to the infant God"

Comment: Ox and ass look into the crib, illustrating the passage in Isaiah 1:3 "The ox knoweth his owner and the ass his master's crib; but Israel doth not, my people doth not consider." The banner above the crib and the animals says "Glory to God in the Highest" (Luke 2:14) The full verse reads in the KJV "Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men." Compare the interlinear translation from the Septuagint "Glory (praise) in highest places to God and on earth peace among men of good report (praise)." There is no mention of the faculty of the will in the original Greek.

c) Birth of Samson (Judges 13:24)

Circumscription: Hic puer Hebreis fit parma ruina Getheis
"This young man will be a shield to the Hebrews and ruin to the Philistines"